Part 3: The Worldwide Flood, Explained
Any explanation for what caused the catastrophe we call "Noah's Flood" must necessarily take into account other events that were recorded around the world at the same time. There is now no doubt that 5200 years ago, something happened that caused glaciers to instantly freeze in the Andes and Alps, changed the Sahara Desert from wetlands to one of the driest places on earth, and caused civilization all over the world to record that a great flood took place.
There are also the many descriptions in the book of Genesis and the Sumerian "Flood Epic" that the flood was accompanied by torrential rain, earthquakes, dark skies with thunder and lightning, devastation beyond belief, and an after effect that lasted for
months after the waters receded. In both accounts, there was only one survivor.
When I began researching this phenomenon some years ago, one of the first sources that I imagined for something of this magnitude was a direct comet impact with planet earth. My first thoughts were that such an impact would have the effects described above but where would the impact zone be. At the time I was considering the Black Sea Basin as the probably site of the flood because two researchers from Princeton had discovered that it also contained a catastrophic flood around 7000 years ago.
I considered that perhaps a comet entered the earth's atmosphere, melted, dumping billions of tons of water into the atmosphere, causing the rain, and creating a huge tidal wave that rolled over high mountains in that area to break through the weak earthen
barrier separating the Black Sea Basin from the waters of the Mediterranean.
I was half-right.
In 2006, Dr. Dallas Abbott and a group called the "Halocene Impact Working Group" discovered an impact crater in the south Indian Ocean that is believed to date to the 3000 BC era of the flood. They have named it the "Burckle Crater". They measured it to be 18 miles in diameter and lies at 12000 feet below the surface of the sea. They believe the comet itself was 3 miles wide and was composed of ice and rock. From chevrons located on the eastern side of the island of Madagascar and western Australia, they determined that huge tsunamis, that were probably a mile or more high, went out in circular rings in all directions from the impact zone.
From the book of Genesis, it is not hard to locate the general area of man at that time and many theologists and geologists believe that the original Garden of Eden was
located at the western shore of the Persian Gulf, in Iraq. This is where history records the first civilizations of Babylon and Sumeria. The Arara Mountain Range is only 300 miles to the north of this area. A giant wall of water, striking this area from the south, would drown everyone in the Tigres and Euphrates valleys, moving northwest until it hit the mountains in Turkey. It would move inland to the north until it struck the Ararat Mountain range where the Bible says Noah and his ark came to rest.
What about the rain and destruction in other parts of the world? After all the Bibles says it was worldwide.
Here's what I believe would have happened.
On the morning that the comet hit, according to Dr. Jeffrey Goodman, author of "The Comets of God" book, the impact would have generated an earthquake of magnitude 13, which has never been seen by man before or since. The inhabitants of Mesopotamia would have seen a light on the southern horizon and a dust cloud rising before the effects hit. The first effects would have been the earth shaking as the shock wave moved through the earth at hundreds of miles an hour. This would be followed by hurricane force winds generated by the displacement of air, and heat generated at the impact site.
The force of the impact would throw billions of tons of water from the sea into the upper atmosphers which would move around the world carried by the prevailing winds. The sun would go dark as the dust and moisture would block out its rays. When the moisture thrown up began to fall back to earth, there would be torrential rains, the like which man had never before seen on earth. These rains would fall all over the world as they moved around the equatorial zone. When they fell in the Andes in South America, the water would turn to snow in the higher mountain ranges, forming an instant glacier.
Plants would be trapped under the glacier to be discovered later by Dr. Lonnie
Thompson, Glaciologist from Ohio State University, carbon dated to 5200 years
Otsie, the Iceman discovered in the Alps, would also be trapped by the quickly falling snow and be frozen inside a glacier in that range.
The Bible says that even the highest mountains were covered by the flood. The rain and snow that fell after the impact were part of the flood and the resulting snow and ice cap they formed on the highest mountaintops were the "cover" spoken of.
As the tsunamis moved out from the center of the impact, they traveled around the Horn of Africa to the Atlantic and also flooded land on both sides of the Atlantic, resulting in the 175 different "flood legends" recorded by different cultures around the world.
The upper atmosphere was so disturbed by the impact and resulting moisture thrown up, that the climate changed worldwide. The Sahara Desert became drier and its wetlands changed to the arid sand dunes we now see. Core drilling taken by Dr. Jen Smith and her team of geologists from Washington University in St. Louis, in this area recently, verify this fact and date.
As a result of this abundance of moisture in the air, a rainbow could be seen for the first time in the Mesopotamia area where none had ever been seen before.
As the waters receded from the land ravaged by the tsunami, it left behind a huge layer of mud that was impossible to walk on. Noah stayed in the ark until this had dried up enough to get out.
The extent of the flood was truly worldwide and like no other catastrophe man has seen before or since.
The Sumarian records of the flood have a passage that describes it this way:
"A black cloud from the foundation of Heaven came up
Thunder and lightning were inside it.
The wind tore a post from a ship.
The storm descended from the sky.
The land was lit up with fire.
The whirlwind swept up everything to heaven.
Everything then turned to complete darkness.
The land was laid waste.
All day long the flood descended and mounted up reaching
into the mountains.
The water was like a war with the people.
The rain was so thick you could not see your neighbor."
These are all descriptions that fit perfectly the scenario that I just outlined above.
Since discovering the Burckle crater, another has been found in southern Iraq that would accouant for another, though lesser flood that took place around 2200 BC
The lesson that Dr. Abbots research team made clear to us, and the rest of the scientific community, from this event, is that cometary strikes on the earth are far more frequent than was imagined before this discovery. It was formerly believed that an event like this would only happen on the order of every 500,000 years. It is now believed that a comet will strike the earth at least once every 1000 years. The last one happened in Siberia at the turn of the 20th century, called the Tungusta event.
According to The Bible, we're safe, for now.